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EU foreign and security policy in BosniaThe politics of coherence and effectiveness$
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Ana E. Juncos

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719082405

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719082405.001.0001

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The EU’s intervention in the aftermath of the war

The EU’s intervention in the aftermath of the war

(p.94) 5 The EU’s intervention in the aftermath of the war
EU foreign and security policy in Bosnia

Ana E. Juncos

Manchester University Press

Chapter 5 explores the intervention of the European Union (EU) in the aftermath of the war. During this period, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was characterised by a low level of activity, a continuation of past initiatives and a secondary role in Bosnia in comparison with Community activities and the operations of international organisations such as the United Nations (UN) or NATO. The EU could be best characterised during this period as a civilian power. This chapter begins with an examination of the EU’s civilian administration in Mostar (EUAM). Greater effectiveness of the CFSP was evident from this case study. However, institutional turf wars, as well as problems of strategy and political obstructionism, undermined this initiative. A non-decision on military intervention is then examined. This case study best exemplifies the (self-imposed) paralysis of the CFSP during this period and the consensus among the member states that the EU should not resort to the use of military instruments. The crisis in Kosovo in 1998-99 triggered changes in the EU’s approach towards Bosnia with the launch of the Stability Pact, but time and institutional constraints meant this initiative did not significantly improve levels of coherence and effectiveness.

Keywords:   Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), EU Administration of Mostar (EUAM), civilian administration, non-decision, military intervention, Kosovo war, Stability Pact for South-Eastern Europe, civilian power

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