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EU foreign and security policy in BosniaThe politics of coherence and effectiveness$
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Ana E. Juncos

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719082405

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719082405.001.0001

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The ‘hour of Europe’? Struggling for peace in the Balkans

The ‘hour of Europe’? Struggling for peace in the Balkans

(p.64) 4 The ‘hour of Europe’? Struggling for peace in the Balkans
EU foreign and security policy in Bosnia

Ana E. Juncos

Manchester University Press

Chapter 4 deals with the early stages of the intervention of the European Community (EC) in Bosnia. It examines three key initiatives: the European Community Monitoring Mission (ECMM), the EC Peace Conference that opened in September 1991,and a non-decision on military intervention. During this period, low degrees of coherence and effectiveness were seen, resulting from a combination of factors: a lack of appropriate institutions and crisis management capabilities (including military capabilities), EC inexperience in managing international conflicts, a poor understanding of the situation in the Balkan region, an unwillingness of the member states to get militarily involved in the conflict, and inflated expectations both from insiders and outsiders of what the EC could do in the situation. In spite of these limitations, the member states showed a willingness to engage in conflict resolution under the EC umbrella, in particular during the early stages of the conflict, and some degree of foreign policy innovation.

Keywords:   Bosnia, Balkan wars, European Community (EC), European Policy Cooperation (EPC), European Community Peace Conference, European Community Monitoring Mission (ECMM), conflict resolution, crisis management, military intervention, non-decision

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