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World Bank Group Interactions with EnvironmentalistsChanging International Organisation Identities$
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Susan Park

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780719079474

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719079474.001.0001

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The World Bank and new norms of development

The World Bank and new norms of development

(p.58) 3 The World Bank and new norms of development
World Bank Group Interactions with Environmentalists

Susan Park

Manchester University Press

This chapter analyses the ‘World Bank’ comprised of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). It traces how transnational environmental advocacy networks (TEANs) used campaigns to oppose the Bank's operations in order to prevent or mitigate the negative environmental impacts of Bank-backed projects and provides a history of the first high profile cases of Polonoroeste in Brazil and Narmada in India where TEANs first challenged the WBG. This chapter also assesses how the networks pressured for institutional mechanisms to ensure greater environmental accountability and adherence to strengthened safeguards and examines the ongoing process of identity change within the World Bank and its affiliates.

Keywords:   World Bank, IBRD, IDA, TEANs, negative environmental impacts, institutional mechanisms, environmental accountability, identity change, Brazil, India

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