This chapter deals with the Anglo-French relationship and the British recognition of the French Empire and with it Louis Napoleon's new title of Napoleon III. It discusses the most important foreign policy question, which was how Britain should respond to the anticipated declaration of a new French Empire. Further, it explores the memorandum, which was sent to Austria, Russia and Prussia in November 1852. It had three key points; all of them leading to rejection of the President Louis Napoleon's claim that he had a hereditary right to the imperial throne. This memorandum was laid on the principle of co-operation between the great powers. It raises a discussion on how Aberdeen's ministry was responsible for the greatest failure of nineteenth-century foreign policy.
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