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Environmental Politics in the European UnionPolicy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance$
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Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780719075803

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.001.0001

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Political processes and decision-making procedures

Political processes and decision-making procedures

(p.77) 4 Political processes and decision-making procedures
Environmental Politics in the European Union

Christoph Knill

Duncan Liefferink

Manchester University Press

This chapter examines the characteristic processes and decision-making procedures involved in the development and design of European Union environmental policies, discussing the informal patterns of interaction and the relationships between the involved actors and institutions. The analysis of the decision-making process reveals that the respective means of influence of the participating actors and institutions can vary considerably depending on the procedural rules on which they are based. The chapter also explains the different phases of European policy making, which include the problem-definition and agenda-setting phase, the elaboration of policy proposals at the level of the Commission and the phase of decision making through the European legislative process.

Keywords:   decision-making procedures, environmental policies, European Union, procedural rules, problem definition, agenda-setting phase, policy proposals, legislative process

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