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Social Change and Everyday Life in Ireland, 1850-1922$
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Caitriona Clear

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780719074370

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719074370.001.0001

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Emigration and migration

Emigration and migration

(p.57) 4 Emigration and migration
Social Change and Everyday Life in Ireland, 1850-1922

Caitriona Clear

Manchester University Press

There were many different kinds of emigrants and migrants who came from Ireland during the period 1950 to 1922. Broadly speaking, the emigrants most likely to have broken their ties with Ireland were those who went in family groups, and many of these left in the 1860s and 1870s. Emigration contributed to the agricultural prosperity of the years 1850–75 by making more land available to medium-sized and larger farmers, and by having fewer discontented labourers and smallholders putting moral and social pressure on farmers to employ them. Although the need to emigrate was one of the factors in the decline of the Irish language, emigrants' remittances facilitated the survival and perpetuation of Irish-speaking communities for several generations. Permanent emigration after 1880 preserved the cultural and human landscape of the western seaboard — though for dwindling numbers in each generation.

Keywords:   Ireland, emigrants, immigrants, family groups, agricultural prosperity, Irish language, human landscape

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