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The Extreme Right in Western EuropeSuccess or Failure?$
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Elisabeth Carter

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780719070488

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719070488.001.0001

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Party competition

Party competition

(p.102) 4 Party competition
The Extreme Right in Western Europe

Elisabeth Carter

Manchester University Press

This chapter covers the influence of different patterns of party competition on the right-wing extremist party vote. The five main ways in which the political space of a system may be mapped include government expenditure flows, use of elite studies, reference to voter attitudes, internal analysis of party election programmes, and use of expert judgements. It is suggested that right-wing extremist parties are likely to be affected by the proximity of their mainstream right competitors. The examples of Austria, France and Italy imply that right-wing extremist parties may continue to experience success at the polls even if their mainstream right opponents undergo ideological radicalization. It is shown that convergence between the mainstream left and the mainstream right is correlated to higher electoral scores for the parties of the extreme right.

Keywords:   party competition, extreme right, mainstream left, mainstream right, Austria, France, Italy, right-wing extremist party

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