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Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons$
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Ian Bellany

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780719067969

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.001.0001

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United States policy on non-proliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

United States policy on non-proliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

Chapter:
(p.126) 5 United States policy on non-proliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty
Source:
Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons
Author(s):

Ian Bellany

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.003.0006

The history of the attitude of the United States towards the spread of nuclear weapons has been one of continuous opposition, tempered now and then by the judgement of the government of the day as to whether in particular instances the exigencies of the moment outweighed the force of the general principle. The starting point or the rough first draft for the U.S. policy of hostility towards the spread of nuclear weapons is the Baruch Plan, presented in 1946 to the newly created United Nations Atomic Energy Commission by the U.S. representative on the Commission, Bernard M. Baruch. The Baruch Plan aimed to harmonise an anticipated widespread international interest in the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. President Dwight D. Eisenhower adopted a new anti-proliferation initiative at the end of 1953 in the form of Atoms for Peace. This chapter discusses U.S. policy on non-proliferation and the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, the Partial Test Ban Treaty, counter-proliferation and U.S. President George W. Bush's Proliferation Security Initiative.

Keywords:   United States, nuclear weapons, Baruch Plan, Atoms for Peace, non-proliferation, Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, Partial Test Ban Treaty, counter-proliferation, George W. Bush, Dwight D. Eisenhower

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