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Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons$
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Ian Bellany

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780719067969

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719067969.001.0001

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Understanding nuclear-free zones

Understanding nuclear-free zones

(p.104) 4 Understanding nuclear-free zones
Curbing the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Ian Bellany

Manchester University Press

This chapter focuses on the properties of an ideal nuclear-weapon-free zone and compares it with actual nuclear-free zones. An ideal nuclear-free zone's job of work is never done and there is always a risk that the arrangement will fail to hold. This puts it on a par with the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), but its narrower geographical scope than the NPT is both beneficial to the nuclear-free zone and a problem for it. It is beneficial in as much as resolving the multilateral security dilemma is on average easier the smaller the number of participants involved, but more difficult in that no grouping of states is an island, and the introduction of nuclear weapons into the zone from outside may be difficult to insure against. This chapter also looks at three non-armament treaties: the Antarctic Treaty, the Outer Space Treaty, and the Seabed Treaty. Finally, it discusses nuclear-free zones under the treaties of Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Pelindaba, and Bangkok, as well as the Rapacki Plan and the Korean Declaration.

Keywords:   nuclear-free zones, Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, multilateral security, nuclear weapons, non-armament treaties, Antarctic Treaty, Outer Space Treaty, Seabed Treaty, Tlatelolco, Rapacki Plan

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