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‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’Pacifist Feminism in Britain, 1870–1902$
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Heloise Brown

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780719065309

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719065309.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use.date: 11 August 2020

‘Unity is strength’: the International Arbitration and Peace Association1

‘Unity is strength’: the International Arbitration and Peace Association1

Chapter:
(p.114) 7 ‘Unity is strength’: the International Arbitration and Peace Association1
Source:
‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’
Author(s):

Heloise Brown

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719065309.003.0008

This chapter explores how the International Arbitration and Peace Association (IAPA), founded in 1880, was the main secular peace organisation in Britain and the one which experienced the greatest conflict with the Peace Society. The absolutist Peace Society dominated the British peace movement throughout most of the nineteenth century. However, its absolutism was increasingly challenged from mid-century onwards, and it became apparent by the 1870s, as a result of republican nationalist campaigns in Europe, and in Britain the rise of working men's peace groups and the growth of the women's movement, that there was also some demand for a secular peace organisation. As an organisation, the IAPA drew together discourses of liberalism, socialism, Evangelicalism, feminism and internationalism, a blend that made it central to both the British and European peace movements. The chapter also outlines the IAPA's contribution to the late Victorian peace movement and the role of women in its work.

Keywords:   IAPA, Peace Society, republican nationalist campaigns, Evangelicalism, Victorian peace movement, secular peace organisation, European peace movements

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