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Equal Subjects, Unequal RightsIndigenous People in British Settler Colonies, 1830-1910$
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Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, and David Phillips

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780719060038

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719060038.001.0001

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Australasia: ‘Australia for the White Man’

Australasia: ‘Australia for the White Man’

(p.134) Chapter Six Australasia: ‘Australia for the White Man’
Equal Subjects, Unequal Rights

Julie Evans

Patricia Grimshaw

David Philips

Shurlee Swain

Manchester University Press

This chapter focuses on the political outcomes of the intensified appropriation of Indigenous lands by British settler colonists in Australasia from the 1870s to 1910. From the 1870s to the first decade of the twentieth century, settler governments in the Australasian colonies built on their foundation years in their treatment of Indigenous political rights in their political systems. The seven colonies in the Australasian region contemplated federating into one nation state despite sharp divisions among them. Settlers wanting manhood suffrage for themselves in Australasian colonies, including New Zealand, Queensland and Western Australia, tried to keep Maori and Indigenous people in a marginalized situation. In the Electoral Bill, which was passed in 1879, politicians were enfranchised. White property-holders could have plural votes in any number of electorates, but Maori landowners were restricted to one settler electorate. In the Australasian colonies in the early 1890s, a debate on women's political rights intersected with the debates on Indigenous rights, and votes for women successfully passed through three Australasian colonial legislatures in the 1890s: New Zealand in 1893, South Australia in 1894; and Western Australia in 1899.

Keywords:   Australasia, British settler colonists, political rights, manhood suffrage, New Zealand, Maori, Indigenous political rights, Australasian colonies, White property-holders, settler electorate

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