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Republican LearningJohn Toland and the Crisis of Christian Culture, 1696-1722$
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Justin Champion

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780719057144

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719057144.001.0001

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Respublica mosaica: imposters, legislators and civil religion

Respublica mosaica: imposters, legislators and civil religion

(p.167) 7 Respublica mosaica: imposters, legislators and civil religion
Republican Learning

Justin Champion

Manchester University Press

This chapter focuses on the activities of John Toland under Sophia of Hanover, his intimacy with whom Toland used as a theatre for the display of his arguments. He advanced a clear and profound defence of commonwealth principles, especially by supporting the interest of the Protestant succession against popery. The convergence of Toland's public and private discourse resulted in the publication of his Letters to Serena, which established the connections between such metaphysical speculation and more mainstream political thought. The chapter also considers Toland's characterisation of Moses as a republican legislator and an exemplary model for the conduct of contemporary politics. It suggests that Toland's work on Moses laid the foundation for practical suggestions in reforming the confessionalism of political culture, and that the veneration of the Mosaic institution was to be a prescriptive model for political and religious reform.

Keywords:   John Toland, Sophia of Hanover, commonwealth principles, Protestant succession, Letters to Serena, Moses, confessionalism, political culture, religious reform, political reform

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