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Republican LearningJohn Toland and the Crisis of Christian Culture, 1696-1722$
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Justin Champion

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780719057144

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719057144.001.0001

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Sapere aude: ‘commonwealth’ politics under George I, 1714–22

Sapere aude: ‘commonwealth’ politics under George I, 1714–22

(p.141) 6 Sapere aude: ‘commonwealth’ politics under George I, 1714–22
Republican Learning

Justin Champion

Manchester University Press

This chapter discusses the activities of John Toland under George I. After the disastrous electoral defeats of 1710, Toland focused his energies on defending the succession and remaining vigilant against popish tyranny. In 1714 he published The reasons for naturalising the Jews, which advanced one of the most radical defences of social toleration in the eighteenth century. The chapter explains that Toland's defence of toleration was premised not upon the theological credibility of the Jewish religion but upon the nature of civil society. This ambition of establishing a tolerant and rational civic culture was taken even further in Toland's most successful political pamphlet, The State anatomy of Great Britain, and its supplement, The second part of the State anatomy.

Keywords:   John Toland, George I, popish tyranny, naturalising the Jews, social toleration, civil society, civic culture, State anatomy

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