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Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights$
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Patrick Thornberry

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780719037931

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719037931.001.0001

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The Inter-American system and indigenous peoples

The Inter-American system and indigenous peoples

(p.265) 11 The Inter-American system and indigenous peoples
Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights

Patrick Thornberry

Manchester University Press

Many of the world's indigenous peoples are found within the jurisdictions of the member States of the Organisation of American States (OAS). The OAS is the latest of a succession of American organisations, and was established at the Ninth International Conference of American States, held in Bogota in 1948. The OAS Charter makes limited but significant allusion to human rights, couched in strongly individualist terms. There is considerable emphasis throughout the Charter on the achievement of democracy, the elimination of extreme poverty, social justice and on economic development, regional integration and trade. Indigenous peoples are not specifically mentioned. For such peoples, disparate directions are signposted by the Charter. On the one hand, the cultural values of the American countries are to be cherished, and the member States ‘will consider themselves individually and jointly bound to preserve and enrich the cultural heritage of the American peoples’.

Keywords:   Organisation of American States, American organizations, indigenous peoples, indigenous rights, human rights

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