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Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime$
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Ingi Iusmen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719088223

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719088223.001.0001

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European Union accession conditionality and human rights in Romania

European Union accession conditionality and human rights in Romania

Chapter:
(p.28) 2 European Union accession conditionality and human rights in Romania
Source:
Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime
Author(s):

Ingi Iusmen

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719088223.003.0003

This chapter examines the breadth and depth of the EU intervention in human rights and minority protection provision in Romania. The main EU financial, technical and legal instruments are examined in relation to the transformations that occurred on the ground. The application of human rights conditionality in Romania led to transformations in relation to a wide range of social, civil, political and minority rights. The role played by EU institutions, national and international NGOs and other external donors is highlighted. The human rights conditionality applied by the Commission went beyond the existing EU acquis and internal mandate in human rights, particularly in relation to policy sectors such as minority protection, mental health and prison conditions. This external human rights function provided the European Commission with invaluable experience and expertise regarding the reform of the human rights systems of former communist countries.

Keywords:   Accession conditionality, human rights, EU acquis communautaire, Roma protection, Romania, Central and Eastern Europe

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