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The politics of betrayalRenegades and ex-radicals from Mussolini to Christopher Hitchens$
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Ashley Lavelle

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719088162

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719088162.001.0001

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Flawed Early Twentieth-Century Radicals: Mussolini, Parvus, and co.

Flawed Early Twentieth-Century Radicals: Mussolini, Parvus, and co.

Chapter:
(p.111) Chapter 6 Flawed Early Twentieth-Century Radicals: Mussolini, Parvus, and co.
Source:
The politics of betrayal
Author(s):

Ashley Lavelle

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719088162.003.0009

There were glaring flaws, continuities, and ideological muddles in the case of the most infamous of renegades, Benito Mussolini. Here is a striking case of a deeply flawed radical for whom an experience of defeat – in the form of the failure of socialists and the working class to prevent WWI – was arguably necessary, but not sufficient, for him to shift from international socialism to national fascism. Countless others, needless to say, did not respond to the shattering consequences of the war by founding their own fascist movement. In fact, many managed to retain their socialist politics – a clear case in point being Mussolini's one-time PSI colleague Angelica Balabanoff. On the other hand, perhaps Mussolini's politics were distinguishable from Balabanoff's in important respects. This chapter discusses the relationship between the flawed politics of early twentieth century radicals such as Mussolini and renegacy.

Keywords:   Flaws, Conservatism, Mussolini, Parvus, Continuity, New York Intellectuals, Stalinism, Solzhenitsyn, New Philosophers

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