Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Vanishing for the voteSuffrage, citizenship and the battle for the census$

Jill Liddington

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780719087486

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719087486.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use (for details see www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 22 January 2019

(p.342) Northern England

(p.342) Northern England

Vanishing for the vote
Manchester University Press

Manchester And The North-West

The counties of Lancashire and Cheshire are here treated by adjoining neighbourhoods, out of geographical sequence, following the narrative in chapters 9 and 15.

Lancashire: population 4,800,000

Manchester: population 714,000

South of city centre, by Victoria Park

Stephenson, Miss S. J. (Jessie, Sara), ‘about 40’ years.

Denison House, Denison Rd.

Census night: present, resister, organizes mass evasion. Occupation: Organizing Secretary WSPU.

Household: about 20 rooms.

Others: 156 females (including Flora Drummond, Mabel Capper), 52 males, 208 persons.

Registrar: (fills in and signs schedule) ‘Suffragists here to avoid Census’. Suffrage: WSPU.

(p.343) Round corner

Hyland, Mrs (Rose), ‘aged about 72’.

Holly Bank, Conyngham Road.

Census night: present, resister; hosts evasion;

Occupation: private means.

Status: widow.

Household: about 12 rooms, 2 servants.

Others: 74 females, 11 males, 88 persons,

Registrar: (as above) ‘Suffragists here for evading Census.’ Registrar signs schedule. Suffrage: WSPU and others.

End of Denison Road

Roper, Esther, and Gore-Booth, Eva.

4 Park Crescent, Rusholme.

Census night: absent; probably evading at Denison House.

Others: visitor.

Household: 8 rooms; housekeeper and her family. Suffrage: NCSWS, NIPWSS (anti-protective legislation).

Ratcliffe, Jane, 51 years.

19 Parkfield Street, Rusholme.

Census night: complies.

Status: married 26 years.

Family: none present.

Household: 8 rooms.

Enumerator: ‘There are also 3 daughters at this house. Avoided Census last night & I am told at Victoria Park, Rusholme’ [undoubtedly Denison House].

Suffrage: WSPU.

Hordern, Agnes Ethel.

89 Clitheroe Road, Longsight.

Census night: evading in Hyland's house.

Occupation: [school teacher].

Household: 6 rooms; probably boarder, with married couple. Suffrage: WFL.

(p.344) Further south

Wallwork, Kate, 22 years.

20 Burlington Road, Withington.

Census night: probably absent, & evading in Denison House. Occupation: shorthand typist.

Family: father, cloth manufacturing agent; mother; brother, salesman/clerk for father; 3 sisters.

Household: 8 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Ashton, Margaret, 55 years.

8 Kinnaird Rd, Withington.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: private means.

Other: Ethel Snowden, 29, married, visitor.

Household: 9 rooms, 2 servants.

Suffrage: NUWSS.

Near city centre

Capper, Mabel H., [22 years].

21 Oxford Road.

Census night: evading in Denison House.

Family: father, William Bentley Capper, 58, self-employed dry stores; mother Elizabeth, absent, probably evading with Mabel; possibly also brother William.

Suffrage: WSPU (Mabel, Elizabeth); MLWS (William). (See p. 178).

North of city

Barnes, Frederick Stanton, 30 years.

12 Deyne Avenue, Prestwich.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: railway assistant.

Family: wife, married 5 years, no children.

Household: 7 rooms, 1 servant.

Suffrage: MLWS.

(p.345) Foot of Oldham Road

Robinson, Annot, [36 years].

73 Caroline Street, Ancoats.

Census night: absent, probably evading.

Family: husband, Samuel, 42, City Council Tramway clerk; daughter Catherine, 1 year.

Household: 4 rooms.

Suffrage: WLabL, ILP, NUWSS.

3 miles up Oldham Road

Mitchell, Hannah, 39 years.

18 Ingham St, Newton Heath.

Census night: apparently present, complies perhaps reluctantly.

Family: husband Gibbon, 42, Co-op tailoring manager; son, Frank, 14, school.

Occupation: Hannah, none.

Status: married 15 years.

Household: 5 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL, ILP.

4 miles further up: Oldham (see p. 348)

Beyond Salford: Eccles area

Heyes, Janet.

Newholme, Hazlehurst, Worsley.

Census night: evading (possibly midnight cycling).

Occupation: teacher?

Other: 1 servant (signs schedule).

Household: 6 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.

Kipps, Miss.

16 Fitzwarren Street, Seedley.

Census night: absent, probably evader.

Occupation: elementary school teacher?

Others: family of 5 (probably boarder.)

Household: 11 rooms; 1 visitor, 1 boarder, 1 servant.

Suffrage: WFL.

(p.346) 5 miles south

Hudson, Muriel, [21 years].

Oakland Villas, Moorside Road, Flixton.

Census night: evading, probably one of ‘Urmston walkers’.

Family: father, 62, elementary head teacher; wife Elizabeth absent, probably evading; 3 sons; possibly daughter [Ethel, 27] also evading.

Household: 8 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.

Beanland, John, 42 years.

52 Princess Road, Urmston.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: foreign correspondent (export shipping).

Family: daughter, 17, student; wife [Emma, 45] absent, probably evading.

Household: 6 rooms.

Suffrage: MLWS, WFL?

Cook, John.

12 Lime Avenue, Flixton Road, Urmston.

Census night: absent, probably evading.

Family: wife, 47; 6 children, 5 living; 2 sons (clerks), 2 daughters (machinist, at school).

Household: 7 rooms, 1 visitor.

Suffrage: MLWS.

Cheshire: population 900,000

North Cheshire, southern suburbs of Manchester

Manning, Miss M. E. [Mary], [29 years].

Harper Hill, Derbyshire Road, Sale.

Census night: evader; organizes evasion; no schedule?

Others: 19 females.

Household: mother (Emma) and sisters, probably evading.

Enumerator's summary (no schedule): ‘Suffragettes. Paper handed over to Registrar 4.4.11’.

Suffrage: WFL organizer.

(p.347) Geiler, Miss [?Lucy], 29 years]

Thornlea, Wardle Road, Sale.

Census night: evader.

Family: father, Hermann, 57, machinery exporter; mother, [Anna, 50], and sister [Minnie, 27], both absent, probably evading; 2 other sisters, 32 and 20; 3 brothers.

Household: 20 rooms, 3 servants.

Suffrage: WFL.

Fildes, Lucy.

[Studio, Tatton Buildings, Sale.]

Census night: undoubtedly evading (schedule not yet found). [Occupation: artist, with Hines.]

Suffrage: WFL.

Hines, Ada.

The Nook, Cecil Avenue, Ashton-upon-Mersey.

Census night: undoubtedly evading.

Occupation: [artist, with Fildes].

Family: father, 71, woollen agent; mother, Eliza B. Hines, 67; 5 children born, 2 living, 3 died.

Household: 10 rooms, 1 servant.

Statement: Alfred: ‘E. B. Hines's name would not have been on this list had she been able to go from [i.e. leave] home.’

Suffrage: WFL.

8 miles east

Baines, Jennie, 44 years.

66 Chatham Street, Stockport.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: none.

Status: married 24 years; 5 children, 3 living, 2 died.

Family: husband, George, 47, boot-maker; sons, 14 and 12, school; daughter, 21, assistant housekeeper; son-in-law (cotton spinner unemployed), their baby.

Household: 6 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU.

(p.348) 8 miles south of Sale

Swanwick, Helena, 46 years.

Annandale, Knutsford.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: newspaper editor [Common Cause]

Status: married 23 years, no children.

Family: husband, Frederick, 59 years, university lecturer.

Household: 8 rooms, 1 servant; visitor, Kathleen Courtney.

Suffrage: NUWSS.

Lancashire cotton towns

Lees, Sarah Anne, 68 years, and Marjory, 32 years.

Werneth Park, Oldham.

Census night: both present, comply.

Occupation: private means.

Others: 1 visitor.

Household: 18 rooms, 5 servants.

Suffrage: NUWSS.

North of Manchester

Chew, Ada Nield, 41 years.

3 Kilnerdeyne Terrace, Rochdale.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: assisting in business.

Family: husband, general dealer/shop; daughter Doris, 12, school. Household: 8 rooms.

Suffrage: NUWSS.

Reddish, Sarah, 61 years.

9 Bertrand Road, Bolton.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: Organizer, Women's Trade Unions and Women's Suffrage Societies.

Status: single.

Others: housekeeper and husband (industrial school); boarder. Household: 7 rooms.

Suffrage: NUWSS, WCG.

(p.349) Farrington, Margaret.

118 Dorset Street, Bolton.

Census night: absent, evading?

Family: husband, 47, journalist; parents-in-law.

Household: 5 rooms, 1 visitor.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Cooper, Selina Jane, 43 years.

59 St Mary's Street, Nelson.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: NUWSS organizer and lecturer.

Status: married 14 years; 2 children, 1 died.

Family: husband, Robert, cotton weaver; daughter Mary, 11. Household: 4 rooms.

Suffrage: NUWSS, ILP.

Rigby, Edith, [38 years].

28 Winckley Square, Preston.

Census night: evader.

Family: husband, physician and surgeon, 53; adopted son, 8. Household: 9 rooms, a ‘lady help’.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Waring, Lily, 34 years.

Penwortham House, near Preston.

Census night: complies (visitor).

Occupation: ‘Women's Suffrage Agitator’, NUWSS organizer. Others: Beatrice Todd, husband and daughter.

Household: 12 rooms, 4 servants.

Suffrage: NUWSS.

Liverpool, Merseyside and rural Cheshire


Woodlock, Winifred Patricia, 36 years.

46 Nicander Road.

Census night: complies.

Family: father, artist; mother, sister, brother.

Household: 6 rooms, 1 boarder.

Suffrage: WSPU.

(p.350) Evans, Mrs.

49 Kimberley Drive, Great Crosby.

Census night: absent, evading?

Status: married 13 years; 1 child, died.

Family: husband, 42, jobbing gardener; father, mother.

Household: 7 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.


Barry, Florence, 25 years.

66 Park Road South, Birkenhead.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: private means.

Family: sister.

Household: 11 rooms, 1 visitor.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Ker, Alice, ‘about 53’ [57 years].

6 James Street, Birkenhead (rented house).

Census night: evader.

Occupation: doctor.

Others: Alice's 2 daughters; Alice Davies, ‘lady organiser’ WSPU; 32 other females; caretaker (John Freeland). Total: 38 people.

Household: 11 rooms, 1 servant.

Statement: ‘No other “persons”, only many women, Alice Davies.’

Registrar fills in details (other than caretaker) in red ink.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Abraham, Mrs Katherine

2 Kingsmead Road, Birkenhead.

Census night: evading, perhaps with daughters.

Status: married, 30 years, 6 children, 1 died.

Family: husband, manufacturing chemist; 2 sons, students; son-in-law, engineer.

Household: 11 rooms, 2 servants.

Suffrage: WSPU.

(p.351) Rural Cheshire

Woodall, Miss E.

13 Abbey Square, Chester.

Census night: evader.

Enumerator's summary: house listed as uninhabited, and name deleted.

Suffrage: WFL.

Elmy, Elizabeth C. Wolstenholme, 77 years.

Buxton House, Buglawton, Congleton.

Census night: complies.

Status: widow.

Family: son, 36, assistant overseer/rate collector for local council. Household: 10 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU.


Marshall family, Keswick –see Kensington.

Yorkshirewest Riding: Population 3,045,000



Crookesmoor suburb

Pankhurst, Adela, [25 years], and Archdale, Helen, [about 35 years].

45 Marlborough Road.

Census night: resist, host mass evasion.

Family: Helen's sons, 8 and 5, daughter, 3; Adela, boarder. Household: 8 rooms, 2 servants, nurse.

Others: 1 male, 48 female visitors: total 57 people.

Registrar (signs schedule): ‘From information Received’. Suffrage: WSPU.

(p.352) Round corner

Balbirnie, Rosa Catherine, and probably Macdonald, Jessie.

21 Harcourt Road.

Census night: Rosa evades (though signs); Jessie, if living there, undoubtedly also evades, possibly with female boarder/s and servant/s.

Household: 8 rooms, 2 male boarders.

Enumerator: ‘Signatory away from house on the Census night, and only occupants as stated above.’

Suffrage: WFL, (CUFWA?).


Barnett/Barnet, Miss.

[5 Victoria Flats, Glossop Road.]

Census night: Probably evading at Marlborough Road? Enumerator's summary omits a fifth flat; no schedule found yet. Suffrage: WFL.

Across city

Clarke, Gertrude, 33 years.

17 Bradford Street, Attercliffe.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, labourer; 6 children born, 2 died, 4 living (2 daughters, 2 sons).

Household: 4 rooms; a boarder.

Suffrage: WSPU?

Higgins, Annie, [about 45 years].

72 Pearce Road, Darnall.

Census night: evades.

Family: husband, 42, steel cutlery maker; daughters, 11 and 13 years.

Household: 5 rooms.

Enumerator: ‘Wife evading census.’

Suffrage: WFL.

(p.353) Whitworth, Edith Clara, 39 years.

100 Haley Bank Road.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, 42, postal telegraphist (government employee); 3 children born, 1 died, 2 living (son, daughter).

Household: 7 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.

Wilson, Dr Helensee Holborn hotel, London (p. 249).

To north-east

Slack, Mrs.

3 Highfields, Doncaster Road, Rotherham.

Census night: evading?

Enumerator's summary records house as uninhabited (no schedule found).

Suffrage: WSPU.

Gervis, Miss.

60 Albany Road, Balby, Doncaster.

Census night: evades?

Family: probably brother, 37, house painter; sister-in-law. Household: 5 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Fisher, Ada, 49 years.

61 Albany Road, Balby, Doncaster.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, railway inspector; daughter, 21; 2 grandchildren; widowed father.

Household: 6 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU, ILP, Railway Women's Guild.

(p.354) North

Huddersfield and district

Near town centre

Key, Edith A., 39 years.

68 Regent Place, Bradford Road.

Census night: complies (signs for blind husband).

Family: husband, Frederick, 38, musical instrument/sewing machine dealer; sons, 19 and 17.

Occupation: ‘assisting in the business’.

Household: 5 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Thewlis, Dora, 20 years.

14 Bradley Street South.

Census night: complies. Occupation: woollen weaver.

Family: sister, 25, woollen weaver.

Others: boarding-house keeper and daughter, charwoman; male boarder (professional music hall artiste); visitor.

Household: 5 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU lapsed?

Lowenthal, Bertha, 47 years.

The Grange, Edgerton Road.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: private means.

Family: brother, wool merchant; sister.

Household: 14 rooms, 3 servants.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Colne Valley

Thewlis, Eliza, 50 years.

Oak View, Manchester Road, Linthwaite.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, fancy worsted weaver; daughter 13; grandson, nephew.

Household: 5 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU lapsed?

(p.355) Pinnance, Elizabeth, 31 years.

13 Longwood Road, Milnsbridge.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: rag cloth weaver.

Family: husband, cloth presser; of her 3 children, 1 died; present are son 11 and daughter 9.

Household: 3 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU lapsed?

8 miles north


Jones, Dr. Helena

3 Rhodesia Avenue.

Census night: evades.

Household: 7 rooms, 1 servant (signs schedule).

Enumerator: ‘Dr Helena Jones (Suffragette) did not pass the night of Sunday April 2nd 1911 in this dwelling and did not arrive in this dwelling on the morning of Monday 3rd April 1911.’

Suffrage: WSPU.

Saltonstall, Lavena, [29 years].

13 Park Place? King Cross.

Census night: undoubtedly evading.

Occupation: weaver?

Household: 4 rooms; slipper-maker family (Lavena a boarder?) Suffrage: WSPU.

Taylor, Mary, [about 47 years].

32 Skircoat Green.

Census night: evades.

Family: husband, 46, blacksmith.

Household: 6 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU, WLabL.

Willson, Laura, 33 years.

117 Beechwood Road, Illingworth.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, machine tool-maker; son, daughter, mother-in-law.

Household: 7 rooms, 1 servant.

Suffrage: WSPU lapsed?

(p.356) 6 miles up Calder Valley

Berkley, Elizabeth, 27 years.

21 Bankside, Hebden Bridge.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: button-hole machinist.

Family: widowed mother, 52 years, 7 children born, 5 living, 2 died; Lizzie's 2 sisters, machinists.

Household: 4 rooms.

Suffrage: WSPU lapsed?

6 miles north-east


Phillips, Mary, [about 31 years].

68 Manningham Lane.

Census night: hosts mass evasion.

Others: 9 other females, details not known.

Statement: ‘NO VOTE NO CENSUS …’ (see Chapter 16, p. 186). Enumerator: ‘I am unable to obtain any more definite information’, adding ‘This is a lock-up shop, with no Sleeping accommodation’.

Enumerator's summary, at the end of his book, recorded Mary Phillips, in a ‘lock-up shop’, total of female occupants 10 (‘Suffragettes’).

Suffrage: WSPU.

Beldon, Bertha, [47 years].

9 Walmer Villas, Manningham Lane.

Census night: evades.

Family: husband, 46, solicitor; 6 children born, 4 are present. Household: 17 rooms, 3 servants.

Suffrage: WSPU.

8 miles north

(p.357) Thompson, Misses Elizabeth, 54 years; Rachel, 52, Sarah, 50.

Heathfield, Westwood, Ilkley.

Census night: resist (information on the 8 adult females added in red ink by enumerator).

Occupations: Elizabeth, headmistress, girls' high school; Rachel and Sarah, assistant mistresses.

Others: 5 teachers (boarders); 21 female pupils (10–18), all boarders; 4 servants, giving total 33 females.

Statement: ‘No Vote No Census. If you expect women to fulfil duties, give them the right to which, by the performance of their duties, they are entitled. Elizabeth Thompson.’ ‘With the exception of [first] eight places’ (see above), she signs the schedule.

Registrar: ‘Can't get any further information.’

Enumerator's summary (next line): another assistant mistress, provides some information (perhaps objecting to boycott).

Suffrage: WSPU?

10 miles east of Bradford


Evasion at Clarion Institute: schedule not yet found.

Titterington, Mary, [about 54 years].

Calverley Lane, Horsforth.

Census night: evading.

Enumerator's summary: ‘Suffragette not at home on Sunday night.’

Suffrage: WSPU.

Thomas, Mrs.

21 Burley Grove.

Census night: resists.

Household: 3 rooms.

Enumerator: ‘Information Refused.’

Cohen, Leonorasee Skegness, Lincolnshire (p. 336).

(p.358) East Riding: population 507,000 (including York)


Murdoch, Mary C., 46 years.

103 Beverley Road.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: physician/surgeon.

Others: Florence Stacey, 26, physician/surgeon; nurse.

Household: 11 rooms, 2 servants.

Suffrage: ex-NUWSS, WSPU sympathizer?

Harrison, Mabel, 39 years.

14 Welbeck Street.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: midwives inspector, Hull Corporation.

Family: sister.

Suffrage: WSPU lapsed?

Little, Charlotte, 48 years.

85 Park Street.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: superintendent, trained nurses.

Family: sister, assistant superintendent.

Others: patient, visitor.

Household: 10 rooms, servant.

Suffrage: WSPU sympathizer?

30 miles north-east

(p.359) York

WSPU evasion (organized by Violet Key-Jones): schedule not yet found (see below).

Coultate, Annie.

33 Melbourne Street.

Census night: evader (though signs schedule).

Family: Henry, 29, grocer assistant (son?).

Household: 5 rooms.

Enumerator: ‘The signature is that of a well-known suffragette. She was away from home during the night of the Census, but was most probably enumerated amongst a number of Suffragettes who passed the night in a room in Coney St, York, with the object of evading the Census.’

Suffrage: WSPU.

Pearson, Annie J., 33 years.

6?4 Heworth Green.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, railway clerk; 2 sons, daughter.

Household: 9 rooms, servant.

Suffrage: WSPU.

North Riding: population 417,000

35 miles north-east


Mackenzie, Dr Marion.

Census night: undoubtedly evading, with others: schedule not found.

Suffrage: WSPU, tax resister.

(p.360) 35 miles north-west

Middlesbrough: population 168, 000

Schofield-Coates, Alice.

Wilstrop House, Roman Road, Linthorpe.

Census night: resists.

Family: husband Charles, 47, manager, coal exporting firm; young daughter, unnamed.

Household: 11 rooms, 2 servants, unnamed.

Statement (Charles): ‘No information can be given of the female residents in this house on April 2nd as they object to give such information until women are enfranchised.’ He signs, adding ‘subject to the qualification respecting the females’.

Registrar: ‘This information [of females] is added by me the undersigned in accordance with the letter from Census Office dated 7th April 1911.’

Suffrage: WFL.

Coates-Hanson, Marion.

North Gate, Roman Road, Linthorpe.

Census night: resists.

Family: husband Friedrich, 45, coal merchant and manager. Household: 12 rooms, 2 servants, unnamed.

Statement (Friedrich): ‘The females in this house refuse to supply any information whatever until they are granted the rights and privileges of citizenship. “No vote no census of women”.’ He signs, adding ‘with exception of information of females’.

Registrar: As above.

Suffrage: WFL.

Jones, Winifred, 33 years.

4 Philips Avenue, Linthorpe.

Census night: complies.

Occupation: head-teacher, Middlesbrough borough council.

Family: father, accountant; mother, 5 children living, 1 died; 1 brother, 3 sisters (one is assistant teacher, Middlesbrough).

Household: 7 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.

(p.361) Mahony, Charlotte, 24 years, and Amy, 23 years.

27 Waterloo Road.

Census night: both comply (though Amy may have resisted slightly?)

Occupation: both school teachers in county schools.

Family: father, Co-operative hall keeper; mother, 51, 8 children, of whom 3 died and 5 living; 2 sisters, at school. (See Chapter 16, Figure 38.)

Household: 7 rooms, 1 servant.

Suffrage: WFL.

North over River Tees

North-east Durham: population1,377,000

English, Minnie, 47 years.

23 Carlton Street, West Hartlepool.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, self-employed life assurance agent; son, daughter.

Household: 6 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.

15 miles up coast

Palliser, Barbara, 34 years.

10 Fox Street, Sunderland.

Census night: complies.

Family: husband, commercial traveller for flour miller.

Household: 7 rooms.

Suffrage: WFL.

Northumberland: population 697,000

Williams, Dr Ethel.

3 Osborne Terrace, Newcastle.

Census night: evader.

Others: Helen Moss, 31, doctor, locum, signs schedule ‘for Dr Ethel Williams’;

Clementina Gordon, 27, organizing secretary NUWSS.

Household: 16 room, 2 servants.

Suffrage: NUWSS, tax resister.

(p.362) Williams, Annie.

77 Blackett Street, Newcastle.

Census night: co-ordinates mass evasion.

Others: 2 males, 26 female, total 29.

Registrar notes letter (3 April) from Chief Constable: ‘… the Police observed women going to the above named Club and kept observation on same till 9am today. Twenty seven women and two men were known to be in the rooms amongst them being Miss Williams, Organising Secretary to the Womens Social and Political Union. There was also a Miss Wilcox there, Sergeant Graham having heard her name mentioned … They had all left the Rooms at 9am with the exception of seven who could be seen inside the rooms.’

Suffrage: WSPU.

20 miles west

Taylor, Mona [Maria], [about 59 years].

Chipchase Castle, Hexham.

Census night: evading.

Family: husband, 61, colliery owner; daughter, Violet, 23.

Household: 9 servants.

Suffrage: WSPU.

Scottish border: 30 miles north.