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Template for peaceNorthern Ireland, 1972-75$
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Shaun McDaid

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719086960

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719086960.001.0001

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Social and economic policy and the executive in office

Social and economic policy and the executive in office

(p.103) 4 Social and economic policy and the executive in office
Template for peace

Shaun McDaid

Manchester University Press

During the 1970s, Northern Ireland was not only blighted by violent conflict, but also severe social and economic disadvantage. However, socio-economic issues are neglected in much existing literature on Northern Ireland during this period. This chapter examines the policies of the Executive when it took office in January 1974. How policy was formulated in key areas such as job creation and education is analysed, and placed in a broader context of developments in the British and World economies at the time. The chapter illustrates that unionist and nationalist parties had markedly similar approaches to social and economic policy formulation. Tensions within the Executive, and between it and the civil service, are examined to assess if these restricted policy formulation. The chapter also demonstrates the Executive's awareness of potential constraints on its ability to implement its programme for government, due to a global economic slowdown during this time.

Keywords:   Socio-economic policy, Independent Northern Ireland, Oil Crisis, Bretton Woods, Financial relations between Belfast and London

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