Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The routes to exileFrance and the Spanish Civil War refugees, 1939-2009$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Scott Soo

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719086915

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719086915.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use (for details see www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 23 October 2018

Work, surveillance, refusal and revolt in Vichy and German-occupied France, 1940–44

Work, surveillance, refusal and revolt in Vichy and German-occupied France, 1940–44

(p.152) 5 Work, surveillance, refusal and revolt in Vichy and German-occupied France, 1940–44
The routes to exile

Scott Soo

Manchester University Press

This chapter studies the refugees’ experiences in Vichy's Foreign Labour Groups and the German Organisation Todt. How similar were Vichy's Labour Groups to the Labour Companies of the Third Republic± How effective were the French and German authorities’ strategies for controlling the refugee workers± What were the refugees’ motivations for escaping from French and German workplaces± In the course of the discussion, this chapter shows how initial reluctance to employ the refugees by Vichy and German officials was replaced by a realisation of their labour potential and a corresponding amelioration in working conditions. This was followed by a competing demand for labour combined with the development of rival refugee labour strategies by Vichy and the Germans which inadvertently created new possibilities for Spanish republicans needing to change their place of work. As French and German authorities became increasingly reliant on Spanish republican labour a pronounced pattern of refusal and revolt unfolded with workplaces becoming central to Spanish republican resistance.

Keywords:   GTE, Vichy, Occupation, Refugees, Resistance, Liberation, Todt, Second World War, Atlantic wall

Manchester Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.