Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Learning Femininity In Colonial India, 1820-1932$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Tim Allender

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780719085796

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719085796.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use (for details see http://www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 26 April 2018

‘Better mothers’

‘Better mothers’

feminine and feminist educators and thresholds of Indian female interaction, 1870–1932

Chapter:
(p.233) Chapter Eight ‘Better mothers’
Source:
Learning Femininity In Colonial India, 1820-1932
Author(s):

Tim Allender

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719085796.003.0008

As an overlay to colonial intervention was the emerging nationalist side of the story. Faced with a colonial rhetoric about educating Indian females that was no longer credible, the British turned to promoting this cause, instead, claiming a new Indian modernity based on Western female professionalism and, with it, elements of embedded Western feminism. As far as the nationalist cause entered into this dialogue at all, M. K. Gandhi turned these arguments on their head, seeking education to make Indian girls better ‘mothers’ as a signifier that it was traditional Indian cultural spaces that would define their femininity, and with a largely different activism from Indian men in the nationalist struggle. This chapter places developments concerning female learning in this context from the 1870s onwards, embracing questions of Indian citizenship and widowhood. The work of a faction of the Brahmo Samaj in Bengal (East India), the ideology of the Arya Samaj in north India, and activists including the Parsis in Bombay (West India), are discussed. Over this relatively long time period the chapter explores how colonial women teachers responded in different and limited ways, and with different levels of success, to these largely unacknowledged but very strong Indian cultural contexts.

Keywords:   Nationalist, Gender, Gandhi, Mother, Professionalism, Feminism, Citizenship, Widow

Manchester Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.