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Empire of scholarsUniversities, networks and the British academic world, 1850-1939$
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Tamson Pietsch

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719085024

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719085024.001.0001

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Alternative ties: national and international forces

Alternative ties: national and international forces

(p.171) Chapter Eight Alternative ties: national and international forces
Empire of scholars

Tamson Pietsch

Manchester University Press

This chapter examines some of the forces that, in the interwar period, worked to erode the networks on which the British academic world depended. It suggests that national and international forces appropriated and repurposed the various mechanisms that since the 1880s had deterritorialized aspects of settler universities. American philanthropy provided scholarships and travel grants to the United States; anticolonial activists undermined euro-centric knowledge assumptions; refugee scholars disrupted appointment practices; while a post-war Dominion nationalism localized academic orientations. These new ties and supplementary connections eroded the density and reach of the networks on which the British academic world had been based, creating patterns of academic territoriality that linked universities to their national contexts while at the same time internationalizing their engagement with their fellows abroad.

Keywords:   Philanthropy, Carnegie, Rockefeller, Americanization, Internationalism, Refugee scholars, Anti-colonial, knowledge, Nationalism, World War Two

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