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Empire of scholarsUniversities, networks and the British academic world, 1850-1939$

Tamson Pietsch

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780719085024

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719085024.001.0001

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(p.202) Appendix A Foundation dates of universities and colleges established in Britain and the Empire before the Second World War

(p.202) Appendix A Foundation dates of universities and colleges established in Britain and the Empire before the Second World War

Source:
Empire of scholars
Publisher:
Manchester University Press

Entries printed in italic face are colleges that prepared students to sit the examinations of other degree-granting bodies.

11th century

University of Oxford

c.1209

University of Cambridge

1410–13

University of St Andrews

1451

University of Glasgow

1495

University of Aberdeen

1583

University of Edinburgh

1592

Trinity College, Dublin

1663

Séminaire de Québec, Quebec City (became Université Laval in 1852)

1789

King’s College, Windsor (Royal Charter, 1802)

1795

St Patrick’s College, Maynooth (did not award degrees; became a constituent college of the Catholic University of Ireland from 1876 and the National University of Ireland from 1910)

1800

King’s College, New Brunswick (became Academy of Arts and Science, Fredericton, in 1785; Royal Charter, 1828)

1818

Dalhousie, Nova Scotia

1821

McGill College, Montreal (active from 1829; named McGill University from 1885)

Abbreviations: NUI, National University of Ireland; QUI, Queen’s University of Ireland; RUI, Royal University of Ireland; UCGH, University of the Cape of Good Hope; UNISA, University of South Africa; UNZ, University of New Zealand.

(p.203) (p.204) (p.205) (p.206) (p.207) (p.208) (p.209)

1822

St David’s College, Lampeter (Royal Charter, 1928)

1826

University College, London (affiliated with the University of London from 1836)

1827

King’s College, Toronto (opened in 1843; became Trinity College in 1852)

1827

Fourah Bay College, Freetown, Sierra Leone (affiliated with Durham University from 1876)

1828–29

King’s College, London (affiliated with the University of London from 1836)

1832

Durham University (Royal Charter, 1837)

1836

Upper Canada Academy, Ontario (later Victoria College and affiliated to the University of Toronto from 1892)

1836

University of London

1838

Acadia College, Nova Scotia (degrees granted from 1840)

1840

St Mary’s University, Halifax (degrees granted from 1841)

1841

Queen’s University, Kingston

1843

Bishop’s College, Quebec (Royal Charter 1852)

1843

Mount Allison College, New Brunswick (Royal Charter 1858)

1848

College of Bytown (University of Ottawa from 1866)

1849

Queen’s College, Cork (opened in 1840 and chartered in 1845; constituent college of Queen’s University of Ireland (QUI) from 1850; affiliated to the Royal University of Ireland (RUI) from 1879; renamed University College, Cork, and functioned as a constituent college of the National University of Ireland (NUI) from 1908)

1849

Queen’s College, Belfast (chartered 1845; constituent college of QUI from 1850; affiliated to the RUI from 1879; awarded Royal Charter in 1908 and became Queen’s University, Belfast)

1849

Queen’s College, Galway (chartered in 1845; constituent college of QUI from 1850; affiliated to the RUI from 1879; renamed University College, Galway, and functioned as a constituent college of the NUI from 1908)

1849

University College, Toronto (became the University of Toronto in 1853)

1850

Queen’s University of Ireland (dissolved in 1882; refounded as the Royal University of Ireland in 1879)

1850

University of Sydney

1851

Owens College, Manchester (initially affiliated to the University of London; became a constituent college of the federal Victoria University, Manchester, in 1880; in 1904, following the dissolution of the federal university, it became the Victoria University of Manchester)

1852

Trinity College, Toronto (constituent college of the University of Toronto from 1904)

1853

University of Melbourne

1853

St Francis Xavier College, Nova Scotia (Royal Charter 1866; degrees granted from 1868)

1853

University of Toronto

1854

Catholic University of Ireland (became University College, Dublin, in 1880 and affiliated to the RUI; constituent college of the NUI from 1908)

1857

University of Calcutta

1857

University of Bombay

1857

University of Madras

1857

Assumption College, Windsor, Ontario (affiliated to the University of Western Ontario from 1919)

1859

University of New Brunswick

1869

University of Otago (constituent college of the University of New Zealand from 1874; became independent University of Otago in 1961)

1870

University of New Zealand (UNZ) (degrees granted from 1874)

1871

Saint-Boniface College, Manitoba (affiliated to the University of Manitoba from 1877)

1871

Manitoba College (affiliated to the University of Manitoba from 1877 and the University of Winnipeg from 1967)

1872

University College, Wales, Aberystwyth (affiliated to the University of London and to the University of Wales from 1893)

1873

Canterbury College, Christchurch (constituent college of the UNZ from 1874)

1873

University of the Cape of Good Hope (UCGH)

1873

Mount Saint Vincent College (for women), Nova Scotia (degrees granted from 1914; Royal Charter, 1925)

1874

South African College (affiliated to the UCGH)

1874

University of Adelaide

1875

Aligarh Muslim University

1875

Mason College, Birmingham (affiliated to the University of London; became the University of Birmingham in 1900)

1876

University College, Bristol (affiliated to the University of London; became the University of Bristol in 1909)

1877

University of Manitoba

1878

Western University of London Ontario (degrees granted from 1883)

1878

Université de Laval à Montréal (affiliated to the Université Laval; became the Université de Montréal in 1919)

1878

Rangoon College (affiliated to the University of Calcutta; became Rangoon University in 1920)

1879

Firth College (became University College of Sheffield in 1897 and affiliated to the University of London; became the University of Sheffield in 1905)

1879

Royal University of Ireland (Royal Charter, 1880; dissolved in 1908)

1880

Victoria University, Manchester (federal university)

1880

University College, Dublin (affiliated to the RUI; constituent college of the NUI from 1908)

1881

Dundee College (affiliated to the University of St Andrews)

1881

Stellenbosch College (became Victoria College in 1887; affiliated to the UCGH)

1881

University College, Liverpool (constituent college of Victoria University, Manchester; became the University of Liverpool in 1903)

1881

Nottingham University College (affiliated to the University of London; became the University of Nottingham in 1948)

1882

University of the Punjab

1882

Auckland University College (constituent college of the UNZ)

1883

University College of South Wales and Monmouthsire, Cardiff (affiliated to the University of London until 1893 and then to the University of Wales)

1884

University College of North Wales, Bangor (affiliated to the University of London until 1893 and then to the University of Wales)

1886

Royal Holloway College (affiliated to the University of London from 1900)

1887

McMaster University, Ontario

1887

University of Allahabad

1887

Yorkshire College, Leeds (constituent college of Victoria University, Manchester; became the University of Leeds in 1904)

1889

Brandon College, Manitoba (affiliated to McMaster University; became Brandon University in 1967)

1890

University of Tasmania

1892

University College Reading (became the University of Reading in 1926)

1893

University of Wales

1895

London School of Economics (affiliated to the University of London from 1900)

1896

South African School of Mines, Kimberley (affiliated to the UCGH; moved to Johannesburg and became the Transvaal Technical Institute in 1904 and Transvaal University College in 1906; became the South African School of Mines and Technology in 1910 and University College Johannesburg in 1920; became the University of the Witwatersrand and received a Royal Charter in 1922)

1896

Canterbury Agricultural College (affiliated to the UNZ)

1897

Victoria University College, Wellington (affiliated to the UNZ)

1899

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (affiliated to the University of London)

1900

University of Birmingham

1902

Hartley University College, Southampton (affiliated to the University of London; became University of Southampton and received a Royal Charter in 1952)

1903

Victoria College, British Columbia (affiliated with McGill University until 1908 when it became the University of British Columbia)

1903

University of Liverpool

1904

Rhodes University College, Grahamstown (affiliated to the UCGH; affiliated to the University of South Africa (UNISA) from 1918; became Rhodes University in 1951)

1904

Grey College, Bloemfontein (affiliated to the UCGH; became Grey University College in 1906 and affiliated to the UNISA from 1918; became University College of the Orange Free State c.1940 and the University of the Orange Free State in 1950)

1904

Goldsmiths College (affiliated to the University of London)

1904

University of Leeds

1904

Victoria University of Manchester

1905

Straits Government Medical School from 1905 (became King Edward VII College of Medicine, Singapore, in 1921 and affiliated to the University of London; became the University of Malaya in 1849)

1905

University of Sheffield

1907

University of Saskatchewan

1907

Imperial College of Science and Technology (affiliated to the University of London)

1907

Birkbeck College (affiliated to the University of London)

1908

University of Alberta

1908

University of British Columbia (opened 1915)

1908

Queen’s University, Belfast

1908

Transvaal University College, Pretoria campus (affiliated to the UCGH and UNISA from 1918; became University of Pretoria in 1930)

1908

Cairo University

1908

University of Western Ontario

1909

University of Bristol

1909

National University of Ireland

1909

University of Queensland

1909

Natal University College (affiliated to the UCGH and then the UNISA from 1918)

1911

University of Western Australia

1911

University of Hong Kong

1915

Queen Mary, University of London (affiliated to the University of London)

1916

South African Native College, Fort Hare (affiliated to the University of South Africa)

1916

University of Mysore

1916

Banaras Hindu University

1917

Patna University

1918

University of Cape Town

1918

Stellenbosch University

1918

University of South Africa (UNISA)

1918

Osmania University, Hyderabad

1919

Potchefstroom University College (affiliated to the UNISA from 1921)

1920

Ceylon University College (affiliated to the University of London; became Ceylon University in 1942)

1920

University College, Swansea (affiliated to the University of Wales)

1921

University of Dhaka

1921

University of Lucknow

1922

University of the Witwatersrand

1922

Makerere University College, Uganda (affiliated to the University of London from 1949; became the University of East Africa in 1963, offering courses leading to University of London degrees, and then the independent Makerere University in 1970)

1922

University College of the South West of England, Exeter (affiliated to the University of London; became the University of Exeter in 1955)

1924

Waterloo College of Arts, Ontario (became Wilfrid Laurier University in 1973)

1924

Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad (became part of University of the West Indies from 1962)

1925

Memorial University College, Newfoundland (became Memorial University in 1949)

1925

Mandalay College (affiliated to Rangoon; became Mandalay University in 1958)

1926

New Zealand Agricultural College (constituent college of the UNZ; became Massey Agricultural College in 1927 and Massey University in 1961)

1926

Indian School of Mines, Jharkhand (gained university status in 1967)

1926

University of Reading

1927

University College, Hull (affiliated to the University of London; became Hull University in 1957)

1927

University College, Leicester (affiliated to the University of London; became University of Leicester in 1957)

1928

Raffles College, Singapore (affiliated to the University of London; became part of the University of Malaya in 1949, and the University of Singapore in 1962)

1928

Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu

1924

Achimota College, Gold Coast (opened in 1927 as a secondary school offering matriculation exams of the University of London; became University College of the Gold Coast in 1948, affiliated to the University of London, which became the University of Ghana in 1961)

1930

University of Pretoria

1930

Canberra University College (affiliated with the University of Melbourne; became part of the Australian National University from 1960)

1931

Mount Royal College, Calgary (offering transfer courses for the University of Alberta)

1938

New England University College (affiliated with the University of Sydney; became the University of New England in 1954)