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Gender and Housing in Soviet RussiaPrivate Life in a Public Space$
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Lynne Attwood

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780719081453

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719081453.001.0001

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The New Economic Policy

The New Economic Policy

(p.40) 2 The New Economic Policy
Gender and Housing in Soviet Russia

Lynne Attwood

Manchester University Press

This chapter is concerned with the 1920s, the time of the New Economic Policy (NEP). It deals with the return to private housing, the establishment of an official norm of living space, and the policies of ‘compression’ and ‘self-compression’. The ‘housing revolution’ of War Communism came to an end with the NEP. Overcrowding inevitably led to tensions between neighbours, some of which were serious enough for the authorities to intervene. Many of the disputes took place between women. Drunkenness and violence on the part of men featured prominently in disputes. The close proximity of neighbours might provide women and children with some protection against violent partners or parents. The ways in which the housing shortage impacted on relationships between men and women was a particularly popular subject for fiction writers. The child's perspective on communal living also made an appearance in magazine fiction.

Keywords:   New Economic Policy, private housing, living space, compression, self-compression, housing revolution, War Communism, magazines

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