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More Work! Less Pay!'Rebellion and Repression in Italy, 1972-77$
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Phil Edwards

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780719078736

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719078736.001.0001

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From Resistance to Historic Compromise: the politics of the PCI

From Resistance to Historic Compromise: the politics of the PCI

Chapter:
(p.32) 3 From Resistance to Historic Compromise: the politics of the PCI
Source:
More Work! Less Pay!'
Author(s):

Phil Edwards

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719078736.003.0003

This chapter traces the ideological development of the Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) from the Fascist period to the party's assumption of a gatekeeper role in Italian politics in the 1970s. It explains that the PCI was founded in 1921 and suggests that the party's early identity was thus formed in clandestinity and in exile. This chapter chronicles the development of the Palmiro Togliatti's Italian road to socialism, the repeated confrontations between left and right within the party, and with Enrico Berlinguer's historic compromise programme. It describes how Berlinguer's leadership enabled the party to engage constructively with the first cycle of contention, but made a hostile engagement with the second cycle inevitable.

Keywords:   PCI, ideological development, Italian politics, Palmiro Togliatti, socialism, Enrico Berlinguer, historic compromise

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