In the years 1850–1922, the National School existed, as did other primary schools not controlled by the State, but secondary schools evolved only slowly in the early years of the twentieth century in the early years of the twentieth century into their present form. Vocational schools were not set up until after 1930, but technical training was given in many National Schools. Only a tiny minority of the population attended university, as not all of the professions demanded a university degree, and primary teacher-training colleges were set up only in the last two decades of the nineteenth century. In 1911 male and female literacy rates in Ireland were comparatively high and roughly equal, unusual in a largely agricultural Catholic country. Attendance at primary school was made compulsory in 1892.
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