Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Social Change and Everyday Life in Ireland, 1850-1922$

Caitriona Clear

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780719074370

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719074370.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MANCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Manchester University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MSO for personal use (for details see http://www.manchester.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 26 February 2017

(p.165) Appendix

(p.165) Appendix

Source:
Social Change and Everyday Life in Ireland, 1850-1922
Publisher:
Manchester University Press

Table A1 Farms, 30 acres and less (30 〈) and 50 acres and less (50 〈) as %s of total holdings, 1901 and 1911

1901

1901

1911

1911

30 〈

50 〈

30 〈

50 〈

IRELAND

72

84

69

86

Leinster

70

81

66

79

Munster

58

74

55

71.9

Ulster

78

90

74.9

88.8

Connacht

79

88

80

90.8

(p.166)

Table A2 Female farmers as %s of total farmers in Ireland 1861, 1891, 1911

1861

1891

1911

IRELAND

6.8

16

14.7

Leinster

9.3

18

16.9

Munster

6.5

15

13.3

Ulster

5.5

16

13.7

Connacht

4.5

16

14

Carlow

17.5

16.5

Co. Dublin

19.4

16.3

Kildare

19.3

19.8

Kilkenny

18.3

15.6

King's

15.3

15.8

Longford

14

15.8

Louth

20.8

20.2

Meath

19

13.7

Queen's

19.3

19.3

Westmeath

18.2

18

Wexford

19

17

Wicklow

20

15

Clare

13.2

11.9

Cork

15

12.3

Kerry

12.8

10.6

Limerick

17.3

14

Tipperary

17.5

16

Waterford

18

15

Antrim

14.3

12

Armagh

19.9

17

Cavan

17.8

14

Donegal

15.3

14

Down

16.4

13.7

Fermanagh

13.3

11.7

Londonderry

13.5

12.5

Monaghan

21

16.6

Tyrone

15

11.8

Galway

17

15

Leitrim

15

12.8

Mayo

16

12.5

Roscommon

16.8

16

Sligo

15.6

14.3

IRELAND

6.8

16

14.7

(p.167)

Table A3 The principal occupations of males and females gainfully employed (GE) in Ireland (%s), in 1851 and 1911

1851

1911

MEN

Total male population

3,190,630

2,192,048

Total males GE

(all ages) as % total

male population

1,903,443 (59.6)

1,387,198 (63)

Occupations as %s of males GE

Farmers

383,931 (20)

328,473 (23.6)

Labourers, herdsa

878,058 (46)

192,105 (13.8)

General labourers

56,969 (3)

147,519 (10.6)

Shopkeepers, dealersb

29,788 (1.5)

34,481 (2.5)

Prof., admin, WCc

51,479 (2.7)

69,886 (5)

Domestic servants

29,720 (1.6)

23,077 (1.6)

Tailor, boot and shoe

63,632 (3.3)

26,467 (1.9)

Weavers

75,513 (3.9)

WOMEN

Total female population

3,361,755

2,198,171

Total females GEd

(all ages) as % total

female population

938,185 (28)

430,002 (19.5)

Occupations as %s of females GE

Farmers

19,707 (2)

54,694 (12.7)

Labourers, herdsa

146,844 (15)

3,984 (0.9)

Shopkeepersb

15,795 (1.6)

20,931 (4.8)

Prof, admin, WCc

12,441 (1.3)

37,531 (8.7)

Dressmakerse

46,392 (4.9)

33,785 (7.8)

Spinners, weavers

146,428 (15.6)

46,799 (10.8)

Seamstressesf

45,150 (4.8)

30,633 (7.1)

Domestic servants

230,802 (24)

128,457 (29.8)

Notes:

(a) Labourers, herds 1911 includes indoor farm servants also.

(b) Shopkeepers, dealers includes grocers, mercers, drapers, hucksters, but not pedlars, fishmongers, victuallers or innkeepers.

(c) Prof, admin, WC: professions, teaching, nursing, white-collar government and private employment.

(d) Farmers’ wives were not counted as GE, so female farmers are widows or single women. Women ‘engaged in home duties’ were not counted as GE either.

(e) Includes milliners.

(f) Includes shirtmakers.

(p.168)

Table A4 Proportions of single (S), married (M) and widowed (W) persons to 100 men and 100 women aged 20 years and upwards, 1881

Men

Women

S

M

W

S

M

W

Ireland

40.8

52

7.2

34.3

48.4

17.3

Leinster

45.3

47.6

7.1

37.1

45

17.9

Munster

40.1

53.1

6.9

30.5

50.4

19.1

Ulster

39.6

52.9

7.5

37.9

46.6

15.5

Connacht

36.3

56.8

6.9

26.8

55.8

17.4

Carlow

44.7

48.7

6.6

36.1

46.3

17.6

Dublin city

40.7

52.2

7.1

33.0

46.8

20.2

Dublin Co.

44.9

48.7

6.4

45.1

38.5

16.4

Kildare

55.9

38.4

5.7

36.3

46.6

17.1

Kilkenny

43

48.8

8.2

35.9

45.4

18.7

King's

46.8

45.8

7.4

34.4

47.3

18.3

Longford

42.4

50.6

7

32.6

50.9

16.3

Loutha

44.1

48.3

7.6

37.2

45.1

17.7

Meath

50.6

41.8

7.6

38.7

43.5

17.8

Queen's

47.9

45

7.1

36.7

45.4

17.9

Westmeath

47.6

44.5

7.9

35.7

46.1

18.2

Wexford

44.2

48.5

7.3

39.1

44.8

16.1

Wicklow

45.9

47.2

6.9

36.2

46.6

17.2

Clare

39.9

53.6

6.5

27

52.8

20.2

Corka

39.8

53.5

6.7

30.3

50.8

18.9

Kerry

36.1

57.4

6.5

24

57.2

18.8

Limericka

40.1

52.2

7.7

32.2

48

19.7

Tipperary

44.2

48.5

7.3

34.8

46.5

18.7

Waterforda

40.3

52.3

7.4

34.6

46.7

18.7

Antrim

36.8

55.8

7.4

38.7

47

14.3

Armagh

38.1

54.0

7.9

36.4

47.3

16.3

Belfast

33.7

59.8

6.5

37.5

46.3

16.2

Cavan

41.2

51.3

7.5

31.6

51.8

16.6

Donegal

40.5

52

7.5

36.2

48.1

15.7

Down

37.7

54.5

7.8

39.3

45.5

15.2

Fermanagh

44

48.4

7.6

38.1

46.2

15.7

Londonderrya

41.1

51.1

7.8

40.1

45

14.9

Monaghan

43.7

48.8

7.5

38.4

45.7

15.9

Tyrone

44.4

47.8

7.8

39.8

44.8

15.4

Galwaya

36.8

56.5

6.7

24.8

56

19.2

Leitrim

38.9

53.7

7.4

29.1

54.4

16.5

Mayo

32.2

61.5

63

25.5

58.3

16.5

Roscommon

39.5

52.9

7.6

29.4

53.8

16.8

Sligo

37.6

55.3

7.1

29.9

53.6

16.5

Ireland

40.8

52

7.2

34.3

48.4

17.3

Note: (a) Including city/town, unless otherwise counted.

Source: Adapted from Census of Ireland, 1881, General report, table 83.

(p.169)
Appendix

Map A1 Proportions of single women to 100 women aged 20 and above, 1881

(p.170)

Table A5 Proportions of single (S), married (M) and widowed (W) persons to 100 males and 100 females aged 20 and above, by provinces, counties, 1911

Men

Women

S

M

W

S

M

W

IRELAND

48.3

44.8

6.9

40.4

44.4

15.2

Leinster

51.5

42.1

6.4

42.8

42.1

15.1

Munster

50.3

42.8

6.9

39.6

44.5

15.9

Ulster

44.7

48.0

7.3

41.1

44.7

14.2

Connacht

47.4

45.4

7.2

34.5

48.6

16.9

Carlow

53.2

40.0

7.2

41.4

42.6

16.0

Dublin city

45

48.4

6.6

39.6

44.3

16.1

Dublin Co.

48.3

46.2

5.5

51.5

35.5

13

Kildare

61.5

33.5

5

38.1

47.4

14.5

Kilkenny

52.8

40.1

7.1

41.9

42.3

15.8

King's

56.1

37.7

6.2

41.7

42.5

15.8

Longford

49.9

43.2

6.9

38.3

46.4

15.3

Louth

52.8

40.4

6.8

42.7

41.4

15.9

Meath

56.7

37.2

6.1

43.1

41.6

15.3

Queen's

56.3

37.7

6

41.4

42.5

16.1

Westmeath

57.3

36.5

6.2

41.9

42.4

15.7

Wexford

52.2

40.6

7.2

44.3

41.7

14

Wicklow

51.3

42.3

6.4

40.1

44.5

15.4

Clare

51.4

41.8

6.8

37.2

45.6

17.2

Corka

49.9

43.2

6.9

40.2

44.1

15.7

Kerry

45.5

46.8

7.7

34.1

49.6

16.3

Limericka

50.5

42.8

6.7

40.6

43.6

15.8

Tipperary

54.5

39.2

6.3

42.6

42.4

15

Waterforda

51.4

41.4

7.2

41.8

42.4

15.8

Antrim

42.8

49.7

7.5

42.1

44.5

13.4

Armagh

44.5

47.5

8

39.9

44.5

15.6

Belfast

35.6

57.8

6.6

38

48.6

13.4

Cavan

51.8

40.7

7.5

38.1

45.5

16.4

Donegal

51

41.8

7.2

43.1

42.2

14.7

Down

42.4

49.8

7.8

41.7

44.3

14

Fermanagh

51.5

41.7

6.8

41.3

43.7

15

Londonderrya

45.4

47.2

7.4

44.8

41.8

13.4

Monaghan

51.6

41

7.4

42.2

42.2

15.6

Tyrone

50.7

41.8

7.5

43.8

42.1

14.1

Galwaya

50

43

7

34.7

47.9

17.4

Leitrim

45.8

46.7

7.5

33.9

49.1

17

Mayo

43.3

49.4

7.3

32.6

50.6

16.8

Roscommon

49.2

43.4

7.4

35.4

48.1

16.5

Sligo

49.3

43.5

7.2

38.2

45.4

16.4

IRELAND

48.3

44.8

6.9

40.4

44.4

15.2

Note: (a) Including city/large town, unless otherwise counted.

Source: Adapted from Census of Ireland, 1911, General report, table 67.

(p.171)
Appendix

Map A2 Proportions of single women to 100 women aged 20 and above, 1911

(p.172)

Table A6 Percentages of women aged 35–44 who were single, in counties and cities, 1881 and 1911

1881

1911

Carlow

20.8

34.3

Dublin city

21.4

26

Co. Dublin

33

40.7

Kildare

25

29

Kilkenny

23.6

33

King's

21.6

35

Longford

16

32

Louth

25

33

Meath

26.7

35

Queen's

24

35

Westmeath

18

35.4

Wexford

28

38.6

Wicklow

23

31

LEINSTER

24.8

33

Clare

12.8

28

Cork

11.7

29

Kerry

9.2

20

Limerick

17.7

31

Tipperary

20.6

33

Waterford

22.2

33

MUNSTER

16

29

Antrim

33

34

Armagh

24.4

33

Belfast

21

25.7

Cavan

16

31.9

Donegal

24.5

37.8

Down

28.5

33

Fermanagh

27.4

34.9

Londonderry

29.7

36

Monaghan

28.5

36.5

Tyrone

29

36.7

ULSTER

26

32.4

Galway

11

26.6

Leitrim

13.5

27.8

Mayo

9.8

23.6

Roscommon

13

27.8

Sligo

13.5

31.3

CONNACHT

12

26.6

IRELAND

21.4

28.4

Sources: W. E. Vaughan & A. J. Fitzpatrick, Irish Historical Statistics: population 1821–1971 (Dublin 1978), pp. 87–161; Census of Ireland, 1881 and 1911, General reports.

(p.173)
Appendix

Map A3 Percentages of women aged 35–44 who were single, in counties and cities, 1881

(p.174)
Appendix

Map A4 Percentages of women aged 35–44 who were single, in counties and cities, 1911

(p.175)

Table A7 Rates (per 1,000 of the population) of temporary sickness in 1861, and on the nights the Census was taken, 5 April 1891 and 2 April 1911

1861

1891

1911

IRELAND

13

7.6

7

Leinster

16

9.6

8.7

Munster

14

9.1

7.5

Ulster

11

5.8

6.3

Connacht

11

5.9

4.9

Table A8a Superintendent Registrars’ districts in which the rates of sickness per 1,000 population were lowest (bottom 20 from lowest up) on the nights the Census was taken, 1891 and 1911

1891

1911

Limavady, Co. Londonderry (3.4)

Stranorlar, Co. Londonderry (2.2)

Castleblayney, Co. Monaghan (3.5)

Limavady Co. Londonderry (2.4)

Baltinglass, Co. Wicklow (3.7)

Ballymahon, Co. Longford (2.5)

Claremorris, Co. Mayo (3.7)

Killala, Co. Mayo (2.8)

Ballymena, Co. Antrim (3.8)

Swinford, Co.Mayo (2.8)

Castlereagh, Co. Roscommon (4)

Inishowen, Co. Donegal (2.9)

Larne, Co. Antrim (4)

Castlederg, Co. Tyrone (3.3)

Magherafelt, Co. Londonderry (4)

Kilkeel, Co. Down (3.3)

Armagh, Co. Armagh (4.1)

Ballina, Co. Mayo (3.4)

Cootehill, Co. Cavan (4.1)

Bawnboy, Co. Cavan (3.6)

Mountbellew, Co. Galway (4.2)

Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry (3.6)

Coleraine, Co. Londonderry (4.3)

Irvinestown, Co.Tyrone (3.7)

Boyle, Co. Roscommon (4.4)

Thomastown, Co. Kilkenny (3.7)

Ballyshannon, Co. Donegal (4.5)

Belmullet, Co. Mayo (3.8)

Mitchelstown, Co. Cork (4.5)

Glenties, Co. Donegal (3.8)

Mohill, Co. Londonderry (4.5)

Mohill, Co. Londonderry (3.9)

Tuam, Co. Galway (4.5)

Oughterard, Co. Galway (3.9)

Castlederg, Co. Tyrone (4.7)

Tobercurry, Co. Sligo (3.9)

Drogheda, Co. Louth (4.8)

Castlereagh, Co. Roscommon (4)

Newry, Co. Armagh (4.8)

Cootehill, Co. Cavan (4)

(p.176)

Table A8b Superintendent Registrars’ districts in which sickness per 1,000 population was highest (top 15 from highest down) on nights Census was taken, 1891 and 1911

1891

1911

Ballyvaughan, Co. Clare (26.4)

Cork city (13)

Dublin South (14.7)

Lisburn, Co. Antrim (12.7)

Corofin, Co. Clare (14.4)

Croom, Co. Limerick (11.4)

Tulla, Co. Clare (14.1)

Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford (11.3)

Limerick city (13.6)

Ballyvaughan, Co. Clare (11.2)

Clonmel, Co. Tipperary (13.5)

Limerick city (10.9)

Ennis, Co. Clare (12.3)

Naas, Co. Kildare (10.5)

Kilkenny city (12.3)

Dublin South (10.4)

Kildysart, Co. Clare (12.2)

Dublin North (10.2)

Cork city (11.9)

Clonmel, Co. Tipperary (8.9)

Naas, Co. Kildare (11.8)

Dungarvan, Co. Waterford (8.6)

Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford (11.5)

Kells, Co. Meath (8.6)

Ennistymon, Co. Clare (11.3)

Dingle, Co. Kerry (8.2)

Dingle, Co. Kerry (10.8)

Belfast (8)

Borrisokane, Co. Tipperary (10.6)

Carlow town (8)

(p.177)

Table A9a Blind people per head of the population in Ireland by province, 1861, 1891 and 1911

1861

1891

1911

Leinster

1 in 870

1 in 1067

1 in 1097

Munster

1 in 590

1 in 588

1 in 741

Ulster

1 in 921

1 in 1112

1 in 1813

Connacht

1 in 1077

1 in 1093

1 in 1212

Note: People in institutions were assigned their counties of origin for Census purposes.

Source: Census of Ireland, 1861, 1891, and 1911.

Table A9b Percentage of blind per 10,000 of population by province, 1891 only

1891

IRELAND

11.1

Leinster

9.4

Munster

17

Ulster

9

Connacht

9.1

Source: Census of Ireland, 1891, General report, diagram 9, p. 104.

(p.178) (p.179)

Table A10 Proportion of vagrancy (excluding prostitution) prosecutions to total non-indictable offences determined summary (i.e. petty crimes in police courts) 1866–1914 (actual numbers for selected years)

IRELAND

Leinster

Munster

Ulster

Connacht

1866

.77 (1,835)

1.05 (905)

.7 (523)

.5 (304)

.4 (103)

1867

.86

1.5

.7

.37

.32

1868

.87

1.5

.5

.5

.34

1869

.67

.79

.5

.55

.35

1870

.88

1.3

.7

.52

.35

1871

.68

1

.67

.47

.64

1872

.86

1.3

.87

.82

.38

1873

.7

1.2

.6

.7

.4

1874

.79

1

.8

.57

.46

1875

1.1

1.4

1

.94

1

1876

.9

1.2

.8

.79

.66

1877

.8 (2,383)

1 (1,015)

.8 (589)

.7 (591)

.5 (188)

1878

.99

1.3

.97

.77

.62

1879

1.3

1.6

1.3

.97

1

1880

1.3

1.7

1.1

.95

1.2

1881

1.3

1.6

1.1

1.3

.7

1882

1.4

1.7

1.3

1.5

1.1

1883

1.1 (2,648)

1.7 (1,362)

.7 (469)

1 (572)

.8 (245)

1884

1.2

1.8

.76

1.1

.5

1885

1.3

1.9

.9

1.2

.9

1886

1.7

2.4

1.1

1

1.4

1887

1.6

2.3

1.1

1.3

.9

1888

1.6

2.2

1.3

1.3

1

1889

1.78

2.3

1.5

1.3

1.7

1890

1.48

1.9

1

1

.8

1891

1.4

1.8

1

1.4

.75

1892

1.4

1.9

.86

1.6

.86

1893

1.5 (3,399)

2 (1,604)

1 (632)

1.6 (933)

.9 (230)

1894

1.6

2.2

.97

1.69

.78

1895

1.3

2.1

.9

1.2

.7

1896

1.48

2.3

.9

1.3

.88

1897

1.3 (3,042)

1.8 (1477)

1.1 (689)

1.1 (718)

.5 (158)

1898

1.2

1.9

.87

1.1

.49

1899

1.1

1.6

.75

1.2

.49

1900

1.2

1.9

.8

1.1

.4

1901

1.4

2.2

.9

1.1

.74

1902

1.3

2

.88

1.1

.6

1903

1.4 (3,829)

2.3 (1,446)

.8 (450)

1.4 (771)

.7 (162)

1904

1.7

2.6

1.1

1.7

.6

1905

1.79

2.7

1.3

1.6

.6

1906

1.7

2.7

1.3

1.5

.57

1907

1.6

2.6

1

1.4

.69

1908

1.5

2.5

.97

1.4

.4

1909

1.5 (3,164)

2.1 (1,391)

1.1 (631)

1.8 (999)

.5 (143)

1910

1.5

2.3

.92

1.8

.48

1911

1.4

2.2

.93

1.6

.34

1912

1.6

2.3

1.1

1.8

.45

1913

1.4

2

.9

1.7

.4

1914

1.5

2

.9

1.8

.5

Source: Judicial Statistics: persons proceeded against for offences determined summarily, 1866–1914.

Table A11 Admissions of night-lodgers (i.e. very short-stay, non-Poor Law Union residents) to Irish workhouses: annual total of admissions for the first week of every month, every ten years from 1870–71 to 1910–11

Men

Women

Total

1870–71

11,610

3,222

14,832

1880–81

31,237

7,822

39,059

1890–91

27,261

7,057

34,318

1900–1

30,115

8,146

38,261

1910–11

49,595

10,800

60,395

Note: These figures refer to ‘bed-nights’: the same person could be counted numerous times.