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Flagships of ImperialismThe P&O Company and the Politics of Empire From Its Origins to 1867$
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Freda Harcourt and Sarah Palmer

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780719073939

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719073939.001.0001

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Competition and the route to Australia, 1847–52

Competition and the route to Australia, 1847–52

Chapter:
(p.114) Chapter Four Competition and the route to Australia, 1847–52
Source:
Flagships of Imperialism
Author(s):

Freda Harcourt

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719073939.003.0005

This chapter focuses on P&O's strategy regarding Australia and the competition it faced from the Indian & Australia Mail Steam Packet Company (I&A) and the Eastern Steam Navigation Company. I&A was formed in 1847 and its purpose was to connect England with Australia by the Red Sea route. The promoters of the I&A aimed at keeping P&O out of Australian waters and lever P&O out of its European lines in conjunction with Austrian Lloyd (AL), to force P&O to give I&A access to India and China. The Eastern Steam Navigation Company was formed in 1850 and was backed up by merchants and bankers from India and China. It sought a second service on all P&O's lines, for a single service from Singapore to Australia and for a route between Trieste and Alexandria to serve the Continent. However it lost to P&O in the tenders for contracts in 1853 and P&O's Chusan became the first ocean-going steamship to connect Australia with Singapore for England on 3 August 1852.

Keywords:   P&O, I&A, Eastern Steam Navigation Company, Austrian Lloyd's, Australia

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