This chapter provides conclusion for the book. Calparsoro's work brings into prominence some of the assumptions that undergird the framework of this work, and above all the concept of the auteur itself. In addition, Calparsoro's cinema is violent, this being the characteristic for which it is probably most noted. Unequal power relations always carry the possibility of violence; and much of the violence that occurs within Calparsoro's work reflects this. The violence of urban youth has formed a regular part of social realist cinema in Europe, while with his move to genre cinema Calparsoro has so far picked on specific genres that tend to violence. Violence is obviously inherent in the war film; and an ever-present possibility with horror, lurking beneath the surface of Ausentes until manifesting itself at the film's climax. When Calparsoro turns to war and horror genres the critique of violence is more muted. By the time the director immerses himself into genre film he has to some extent already been pigeonholed as the violent enfant terrible of Spanish cinema and critics are able to pigeonhole the violence of the films in exactly the same way: they make use of an auteurist conceptualisation to dismiss more detailed consideration of the representation of violence in Spanish cinema.
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