This chapter looks more systematically at debates about the distribution of income and wealth. It is divided into three sections, each addressing a concept that was fundamental to progressive thinking about this issue: equality, need, and incentive. It shows that the majority of progressives favoured the principles of need and, reluctantly, incentive, leading them to endorse a distributive pattern that was loosely, although not precisely, egalitarian. The final section of the chapter outlines the policies that followed from these theoretical commitments.
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