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Securitising RussiaThe Domestic Politics of Vladimir Putin$
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Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780719072246

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719072246.001.0001

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The Chechen conflict

The Chechen conflict

(p.48) 3 The Chechen conflict
Securitising Russia

Edwin Bacon

Bettina Renz

Julian Cooper

Manchester University Press

In September 1999, Russian federal forces moved into the Republic of Chechnya, a constituent part of the Russian Federation located in the North-Caucasus region. This military campaign came to be known as the second Chechen war, following on from the first Chechen war of 1994–1996, and an uneasy period of peace and de facto self-rule lasting for three years between 1996 and 1999. The existence of conflicting discourses in relation to the situation in Chechnya illuminates well the way in which Vladimir Putin's government, and particularly in this case Putin himself, have consciously used the discourse of securitisation in some settings, at the same time as employing the conflicting discourse of ‘de-securitisation’ or ‘normalisation’ in others. International criticism of Russia's actions in the republic has been countered by the insistence that the Chechen conflict is a key part of the war against terrorism. After describing Russia's counter-terrorism in Chechnya, this chapter discusses Putin's commitment to political normalisation through the support of accelerated reconstruction, social provisions, and economic recovery.

Keywords:   Russia, Vladimir Putin, securitisation, Chechnya, de-securitisation, normalisation, Chechen conflict, terrorism, counter-terrorism, economic recovery

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