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Race and EmpireEugenics in Colonial Kenya$
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Chloe Campbell

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780719071607

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719071607.001.0001

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Kenyan medical discourse and eugenics

Kenyan medical discourse and eugenics

(p.39) Chapter 3 Kenyan medical discourse and eugenics
Race and Empire

Chloe Campbell

Manchester University Press

This chapter analyses the theories of predominant eugenicists. Eugenics in Kenya grew out of the theories disseminated from Britain; the application of current ideas about the transmission of innate characteristics, in particular intelligence, shaped a new and extreme eugenic interpretation of racial difference. The study deals with the theories and researches of Dr H. L. Gordon and Dr F. W. Vint that became connected with eugenics, in particular their contributions to the subject of race and intelligence. Gordon tempered some of the extremity of his theories by emphasising that scientific knowledge was at an early stage in the area of brain and racial backwardness and reiterating the need for large-scale scientific research to uncover the causes of African backwardness. Despite Gordon's emphasis on the objectivity of science in providing answers to the problem of racial backwardness, there are fundamental flaws in this research that call into question its scientific integrity.

Keywords:   eugenics, Kenya, Gordon, African backwardness, racial difference

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