This chapter is concerned with interest groups, which were the other key elite actors who played a crucial role in the politics of self-government. It shows that some of these groups had a historical presence within Scottish society and/or a large membership, which gave them a degree of representativeness in ‘interpreting’ public opinion, and in turn allowed them to make it superior to that of political parties. It analyses the key groups of the Church of Scotland, the Scottish Trades Union Congress (STUC) and the business organisations. It studies their policy on self-government, the perception they had of the European Union (EU)—in general and in relation to their position on Scottish self-government in particular—and whether they used the European dimension in their strategies. This chapter concludes that each of the three interest groups had a different pattern of attitudes towards the EU and devolution.
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