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Henri-Georges Clouzot$
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Christopher Lloyd

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780719070143

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719070143.001.0001

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Occupation and its discontents

Occupation and its discontents

(p.29) 2 Occupation and its discontents
Henri-Georges Clouzot

Christopher Lloyd

Manchester University Press

This chapter illustrates the military defeat and subsequent occupation of France in 1940 by the Germans. The chapter explores the devastation, the chaos routed by the invading German forces and the loss of life of the French armies in May and June. The government had abandoned the capital and took refuge in Bordeaux. The signing of the armistice left the Germans in control of two-thirds of the country and they were fully able to exploit its economic resources. The parliamentary democracy of the Third Republic was abolished and replaced by a puppet regime with direct control of only the remaining third of the country. Based in the spa town of Vichy and headed by the aged Marshal Pétain, the new French state embarked on a policy of collaboration with the Germans, a relationship which in reality amounted to subservience rather than partnership.

Keywords:   occupation, discontent, military defeat, France, Germans

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