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The United States Congress$
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Ross English

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780719063084

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719063084.001.0001

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Origins and development of Congress

Origins and development of Congress

(p.1) 1 Origins and development of Congress
The United States Congress

Ross M. English

Manchester University Press

This chapter takes a look at the origins and development of Congress. It reveals that the Constitution gave Congress the power to make laws for the federal government, the responsibility of representing the American people and the ability to check the President's actions. The chapter then reviews the important historical events that preceded the crafting of the Constitution in 1787, including the creation of the Articles of Confederation and the establishment of the first British colonies in America. It also examines the federal system, which is based on the separation of powers principle, and the two chambers that comprise the US Congress, which are the Senate and the House of Representatives, and also traces the development of Congress.

Keywords:   Congress, powers and responsibilities, Articles of Confederation, first British colonies, federal system, separation of powers, Senate, House of Representatives

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