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Innovation By DemandAn Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Demand and its Role in Innovation$
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Andrew McMeekin, Mark Tomlinson, Ken Green, and Vivien Walsh

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780719062674

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719062674.001.0001

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Markets, supermarkets and the macro-social shaping of demand: an instituted economic process approach

Markets, supermarkets and the macro-social shaping of demand: an instituted economic process approach

(p.187) 12 Markets, supermarkets and the macro-social shaping of demand: an instituted economic process approach
Innovation By Demand

Mark Harvey

Manchester University Press

This chapter argues for the need to build an economic sociology/political economy of demand that goes from micro-individual through to macro-structural features. It develops an ‘instituted economic process’ approach to the study of demand and innovation to account for processes of institutionalisation and deinstitutionalisation. Within this framework, the concept of a ‘production—distribution—retail—consumption’ configuration is seen as shaping innovation. The empirical investigations of this chapter involve analysis of how retail markets link demand with supply, and how that link is a structured one: the interface facing both ways. The chapter explores three empirical cases. The first involves the near disappearance of wholesale markets for fresh fruit and vegetables to retail markets, and the particular questions raised in terms of range and quality of products that flow through them. The second deals with an equally significant reconfiguration of the retail—distribution—production configuration reflected in the emergence of supermarket own-label products. The third raises the question of how the organisation of retail markets, and their transformation, alters the way demand is instituted between end consumers and retailers.

Keywords:   supply, demand, instituted economic process, innovation, consumption, institutionalisation, deinstitutionalisation, retail markets, wholesale markets, consumers

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