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Equal Subjects, Unequal RightsIndigenous People in British Settler Colonies, 1830-1910$
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Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, and David Phillips

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780719060038

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719060038.001.0001

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Canada: ‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’

Canada: ‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’

Chapter:
(p.43) Chapter Two Canada: ‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’
Source:
Equal Subjects, Unequal Rights
Author(s):

Julie Evans

Patricia Grimshaw

David Philips

Shurlee Swain

Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:10.7228/manchester/9780719060038.003.0003

This chapter focuses on the early political developments in the British settler colonies in the region of North America, which later became Canada, from the late 1830s to around 1870. By 1840, there were four colonies in mainland British North America, clustered in the south-eastern corner of the vast Canadian land mass, the rest of which remained under the administration of the Hudson's Bay Company. Representative government had been introduced during the last quarter of the eighteenth century, beginning with the maritime colonies of Nova Scotia (1758), Prince Edward Island (1773) and New Brunswick (1785), and extending to Upper and Lower Canada, the constituent parts of the new province of Canada, in 1791. Discussions of the status of Indigenous peoples in the British North American colonies reflect competing and at times conflicting understandings among the four major stakeholders: the Colonial Office, with its locally based governors and Indian agents; the missionaries; the settlers; and the Indigenous peoples themselves.

Keywords:   British colonies, settler colonies, Canada, representative government, Indigenous peoples, stakeholders, Colonial Office, Indian agents

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