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Divine LoveLuce Irigaray, Women, Gender, and Religion$
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Morny Joy

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780719055232

Published to Manchester Scholarship Online: July 2012

DOI: 10.7228/manchester/9780719055232.001.0001

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Homo- and heterogeneous zones: Irigaray and Mary Daly

Homo- and heterogeneous zones: Irigaray and Mary Daly

(p.102) Chapter 5 Homo- and heterogeneous zones: Irigaray and Mary Daly
Divine Love

Morny Joy

Manchester University Press

This chapter emphasizes the views of Irigaray and Mary Daly, who allude to a future-perfect attainment of women. Future/past involves a form of recuperation and anticipation of an Archi/Archaic time whose movement of becoming is unceasing. This movement involves a refiguration of the status of otherness to which women have been consigned by what both specify as the patriarchal tradition. This reversal, or transvaluation of otherness, signals an attainment of a social independence and personal fulfillment for women in ways that reject a male God figure and his legitimation of women's inferiority as well as the sacrificial demands of patriarchal religions. For both Daly and Irigaray, God is no longer a noun, an object of masculine projections, stagnating in transcendent categories, nor is he aligned with the metaphysical category of being. They present imaginative evocations of an alternative mode of existence for women, including an amended mother/daughter relationship. Daly advocates that women, in ending their unconscious conscription into the ranks of patriarchy, claim an original wholeness and become consciously sufficient unto themselves. In contrast, Irigaray, while concerned with reforming women's affiliations in her early work, supports a revolution of the male/female bond, in a renegotiated form of heterosexual relationship.

Keywords:   Mary Daly, patriarchal tradition, social independence, heterosexual relationship, transvaluation of otherness, personal fulfillment, mother-daughter relationship, wholeness

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